Different sugars – are natural sugars better than table sugar?

Sugar….. that white crystal powder that makes food sweet. The majority of people have heard that sugar isn’t good for you, that it can lead to negative health consequences. Some people talking about sugar addiction. A debate between sugar and sweeteners, many believing sugar is better because it is “natural”….. but forget that there are plenty of “natural” foods that would be incredibly dangerous or toxic to consume, so natural doesn’t mean healthy.

So I thought I would do a little break down of sugar and different types of sugar.

Are dates and dried fruit better than white sugar? What about agave syrup compared to high fructose corn syrup? Is fruit sugar actually bad?

I have a previous post about sugar vs sweetener, which you can read HERE. There are a lot of different sweeteners, so to get into all of those I would have to dedicate a post just to them. So instead I will just mention them a little in this post and compare them to sugar.

So let’s start off with…. What is sugar and what other names/types of sugar are there?

So white sugar which we all know as caster sugar or cane sugar, or in other terms: Sucrose which consists of two monosaccharides, glucose and fructose. [Glucose is typically found in some fruits, vegetables and honey. Fructose is found mainly in fruit. And there is also galactose which is a single sugar molecule and is found in milk and dairy products]

In the body, sugar (Which I will now refer to as sucrose or table sugar) breaks down into glucose and fructose. The enzyme sucrase has to break down glucose and fructose which have two different absorption methods in the body. Glucose is absorbed directly and used as energy, both for your brain and muscles while fructose goes to the liver first where it is either then converted into energy or stored as fat (if there is an excess of calories).

There are other forms/names of sugars:

Lactose: This is the sugar found in milk and is built up from galactose and glucose. This is why dairy products usually have some sugar in them because of this natural sugar content.

Fructose: This is the sugar found in fruits, vegetables and honey. It is a single molecule/simple sugar.

Glucose: Typically found in starchy vegetables, such as potatoes. Dextrose is also comprised of only glucose, and this is because glucose is the main source of energy for the body as well as the only energy source the brain uses. It is the quickest energy source and also spikes the blood sugar.

Corn syrup, or high fructose corn syrup. Corn syrup is usually 100% glucose, whereas high fructose cornsyup is a mixture of glucose and fructose, just like table sugar.

Other types of sugars: Icing sugar, brown sugar, coconut sugar, brown rice syrup, agave syrup, maple sugar, dextrose.

Sweeteners:

Sugar alcohol: So sugar isn’t really sugar, but it is a carbohydrate and consists of a chemical structure that is similar to sugar and alcohol. It is also called polyols, and they are considered sweeteners. They aren’t fully absorbed or metabolized in the body meaning that they contribute with less calories than sugar. These sugar alcohols are also called, sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol, maltitol. Because the structure of these polyls can resemble alcohol structure, some people can get digestive issues from these sweeteners.

With this in mind, you realise that it is not just white table sugar or syrup that has sugar… but many other foods, including vegetables, fruits, dairy. But this isn’t a bad thing, as mentioned above glucose, fructose and lactose (a disaccharide) are infact natural sugars. They provide energy and your body needs glucose found in example starch vegetables and also in fruit.

However, just like with table sugar too much sugar whether it is from potatoes, dates or mangoes isn’t good either. They also spike your blood sugar, insulin is released and too much energy does get stored in the body. However, glucose is stored as glycogen in the muscles and liver which is important as the body closely regulates blood so if haven’t eaten for several hours and your blood sugar begins to dip, glycogen will be broken down from your muscles and used to increase your blood sugar.

“In the process of breaking down carbohydrates into glucose, the body is unable to distinguish between sugars that are added to foods and sugars that occur naturally in foods, since they are chemically the same.”

The difference between glucose and fructose is that glucose is absorbed rather instantly in the intestines and goes straight into the blood and can be used as energy for your muscles and your brain. Whereas fructose first has to go through the liver and then be absorbed by the blood, so it doesn’t have the same quick response and release of energy as glucose.

So, what about table sugar or high fructose corn syrup that consists of both glucose and fructose…. This is where sugar/HFCS stands out compared to just fruit or vegetables that consist of single sugar molecules. Table sugar and syrups have to first be broken down by the enzyme sucrase, then the glucose is absorbed in the intestines and then the fructose has to go to the liver where it is metabolised before being released into the blood stream as energy or converted into triglycerides or stored as fat.

The difference between fruit and white sugar, example candy or soda:

Well first off, fruit contains a lot more fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants than candy or soda. You have to chew fruit (well, you chew candy as well), there is fiber that is important for your gut bacteria, and of course you get vitamin C which is also an antioxidant. The fructose does of course have to go to the liver to be released into the bloodstream, but the amount of fructose you get via 1-2 fruits is very little compared to the amount of fructose/glucose you get via 1-2 handfuls of candy or chocolate. Not to mention, when it is dairy chocolate you are getting lactose sugar as well as fructose and glucose.

Candy or soda basically only have sugar and very little nutrients.

What about fruit or vegetables compared to example buns or cakes? Cakes, buns, cookies all have a lot of sugar… but they also have other ingredients such as butter and flour. So the butter, which is a fat will also slow down the emptying of the stomach and therefore the digestion of nutrients as well as flour containing gluten which is a protein. So yes, you get a lot of sugar but you also get fat (mostly saturated) and white flour (which of course is processed), but you could look at it like cakes/buns/cookies etc would be better than straight up sugared candy or sugared soda. The same goes with chocolate, you could look at it like you are infact getting some dairy which contains calcium (if you consume dairy chocolate), or if you eat dark chocolate you will be getting some antioxidants and iron as well… even if it is miniscule amounts it still contains a little more nutrition rather than just syrup/sugar.

So how does example baking syrup compare to agave syrup or honey?

Agave syrup or honey, just like baking syrup is straight up sugar. There isn’t so much difference aside from agave syrup and honey maybe having 5% more nutrients than regular baking syrup.

What about dates as sweetener compared to white sugar or syrup?

Being objective and sticking to the facts… then dates and dried fruit as sweeteners is rather similar to white sugar or syrup. Granted, it is mostly fructose and not fructose and glucose. But 100ml of dates/date syrup compared to 100ml sugar or syrup, it is similar in sugar content. Of course, if you are using whole dates they will have a little fiber… but they are mostly just fructose i.e sugar, and the same goes for white sugar. But dates and date syrup is a lot more expensive.

Of course, I do believe that using dried fruits as sweeteners is better than white sugar or syrup which consists of 2 sugar molecules. But you can’t forget that dried fruit or agave syrup or date syrup consist of a lot of sugar which will spike your blood sugar and be stored as excess energy. So using those isn’t necessarily that much better, but if you enjoy using them… use them. Just don’t drown your oatmeal, pancakes or toast with them and thinking it is healthier. (Of course, healthier is a relative term as for some that might infact be healthy).

It’s all about marketing:

Date syrup, coconut sugar and any other fancy sugar substitutes have all been marketed as healthy and better than sugar, but nutritionally they are pretty much the same as sugar. Just that some may have a difference in what sugar molecules they are made up of. The best would be to go for sugars made up mostly of glucose. The “healthy” marketed sugar alternatives are just pricy and not always worth the money.

Of course… if you prefer using them and can afford them… then go for it. They do give a different texture and taste which you may prefer in your baking. Just don’t begin pouring agave syrup over your oats or adding coconut sugar to your fruit smoothies or eating 15 dates a day (unless you have a reason for it such as low blood sugar, athlete or need to gain weight). Sugar is still sugar and will break down into the same molecules and have the same effect in the body whether it comes from syrup, honey or raisins.

So how much sugar should we consume? How much is too much sugar?

The recommendation for sugar is c.a 25-35g per day, or about 5-6 tsp. Or nutritionally, only 5-10% of your total calories should come from sugar. Meaning, if you have a requirement of 2000kcal, only about 100-200kcal of those should come from sugar. I.e 1 330ml coke is 35g sugar and your total sugar for the day (according to recommendations). However the majority of people consume double or triple this amount daily.

In the future I might make a post about “Hidden sugar” in certain foods which many aren’t aware of. That is of course not to scare you or make you avoid those foods completely, just to become aware of certain foods that may need to be limited and not eaten on a daily.

To be noted, is that you could also see the sugar recommendation as c.a 210g sugar per week… meaning that you may have one day a week where you eat a bunch of candy and chocolate and drink some wine, but the other 6 days you keep your sugar intake minimal (not including fruits). Or maybe you are someone like me, who likes to have a little bit of chocolate a few times a week and instead of having one day you eat a lot of sugar I keep it minimal/moderate each day. So find what works for you in regards to your sugar intake.

**Important to remember that consuming sugared soda or candy with lots of sugar isn’t the same as eating fruit or if you eat a meal and then some fruit. Because of the fiber and chewing involved when eating the majority of fruits – not all of them, it will give you more satiety as well as vitamins and minerals. If you eat a full meal consisting of protein, carbs and fats, the fat in your meal will actually slow down the emptying of your stomach and your digestion (this isn’t a bad thing… unless maybe you are going to run a half marathon and want quick energy, then eating primarily glucose may be beneficial) and the release of sugars won’t be as quick compared to if you just drink soda or eat candy, where the break down and release of sugar into the blood stream will happen rather quickly.

Which also leads me to: Carbohydrates, i.e which include sugar molecules, begin to break down in your mouth when you chew as you have enzymes in your saliva which begin to break down the sugar molecules. So when you drink sugared soda or eat candy where 50% is glucose, some of the sugar will be broken down and absorbed rather instantly… which can be a good thing if you are feeling faint, need quick energy or have low blood sugar.

Juices and smoothies? Not as much fiber, a lot of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants but there will also be a lot of sugar that will spike your blood sugar rather quickly because so much of the fiber – and chewing – is gone when you drink juice and smoothies. Of course you do still get lots of nutrients and vitamins, so it is better to give your child – or yourself – a fruit smoothie than a McDonalds milkshake, but don’t underestimate the amount of sugar in a fruit smoothie.

Excessive sugar intake isn’t good, whether it comes from table sugar, date syrup or mangos. It does spike blood sugar, which in turn can increase risk of developing diabetes or metabolic damage. Not to mention the damage on teeth from consuming too much sugary products. But as previously mentioned, fruit is not the same as eating candy. And nutritionally dried fruit contains more nutrients than candy so it is better to opt for that for the majority of time, but at the end of the day too much sugar whether it is from sugared candy, sugared soda or 10 banana smoothies isn’t healthy or recommended.

I know some people may not agree with this post and may think that “Natural” sources of sugar are better and when it comes to agave syrup in comparison with high fructose corn syrup I will always recommend agave syrup in first hand. Just like I will tell people to opt for dates with peanut butter or go for a fruit instead of grabbing a handful of sugared candy. But at the end of the day, all of those need to be limited and whichever you choose to consume in moderation and limited amounts is up to you because they are all similar in the body anyway.

Final notes, try to avoid added sugars and the clearly obvious sugary products i.e cakes, cookies, chocolate, candy, soda, syrups etc

Sugar vs. sweetner?

Sugar vs. sweetener, a debate where there seems to be no in-between. When Coca Cola tried to make a drink using both it didn’t seem to be a success, and people are still on either side i.e sweetner is what causes cancer and is poison in the body, or that sugar is what causes cancer and is poison in the body.

I, however am in the middle… i believe “why not both?”. Everything in moderation, however i do lean more towards the sweetner side, for example i choose diet soda before sugared cola, when i bake at home i most often use sweetner as i don’t even have sugar at home and use sweetner to add sweetness to example home made hot chocolate or oatmeal. But also i do choose stevia ketchup, sugar free candy (if possible) and natural soya yoghurt over flavoured yoghurt. However when out and about and go to a cafe i’ll 99% of the time choose the vegan cake over the rawfoodbar and choose a green smoothie with berries and fruit over a diet soda.

I believe that both sugared products and products with sweetener have their time and place in your diet, you DO NOT need to consume either of them, that is your personal choice. Your body does need glucose so for example fruit, potatoes, pasta shouldn’t be avoided but refined white sugar isn’t necessary in your diet. Though sugar does taste good and can be good for your soul, so a moderate amount of sugar won’t hurt you.

So let’s get into what is sugar vs. sweetener and what they do in your body and which is best?

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Sugar, or other names for sugar in products are: sucrose, high fructose corn syrup, dextrose, maltose, rice syrup, coconut sugar, fructose, glucose, maple syrup, palm sugar etc (Find all the 61 names for sugar HERE)

And then there is the artifical sweetners:  Acesulfame K, Aspartame, Sorbitol, Sacharin, Sucralose, Stevia, Xylitol.

So lets start off with sweeteners, they have all been tested and have been approved for use i.e no evidence has shown that they are harmful in moderate doses. I.e toxic level would mean that you consume for example 10l diet soda everyday for 6 months to reach some form of harmful level. But for most people they would never even reach that amount.

So why choose sweeteners? First off they are better for your oral health i.e don’t cause tooth decay, they don’t affect your blood sugar so can be good for diabetics, they can help control weight (though some have claimed that diet soda makes them more hungry because it triggers their sweet cravings), also you don’t need as much sweetener to get the same amount of sweetness as sugar. SourceSource   All sweeteners aren’t the same though and can be slightly different in the body, for example how they are broken down. A negative about sweetners is that some aren’t broken down and instead you just pee out the molecules and that can be harmful to the environment.

A good article about sweeteners HERE

The downside of sweeteners, there has been alot of claims that aspartame is linked to brain tumors, cancer etc and that sweeteners can lead to glucose intolerance, weight gain, can cause diabetes 2 among other health claims. Makes sweeteners sound pretty bad, right? However those claims don’t have any evidence to support them, or more research is needed to prove a causal link.

Recently there has been more research done showing that products with artificial sweeteners can cause weight gain as the sweetener triggers a craving for more energy and sweet food and the body may not regulate its calorie balance as well when you consume a lot of sweeteners. However, it is also proven that sugar can cause weight gain and other metabolic illnesses if consumed in too high doses, whereas sweetener it is not proven. Recently there is a study, HERE , that showed that saccharin could change the bacterial composition in your digestive system which can lead to metabolic illnesses and a change in gut bacteria towards less gut bacteria can lead to very unwanted physical and mental health problems, but once again that is due to high doses of sacharin consumed.

Another downside of sweeteners is that people with the genetic disorder PKU can’t break down aspartame which contains phenylalanine so for them it can cause serious pain and illness if they consume aspartame, hence why products must state that it contains aspartame just like with other allergens. Also the sweetener Xylitol can cause alot of stomach pain if consumed in too high doses. It can cause water retention and diarrhea and bloating, hence why chewing gums and sugar-free candy which often contain xylitol can leave some people with stomach pain. And then there is Stevia, the sweetener i would recommend, however it can often leave a weird after taste for some people. Source

When it comes to sweeteners, there still needs more research, it is deemed safe to consume in moderation, just like with sugar and all other products. Yes it is artificially made, but that doesn’t mean it is unhealthy. Many use the argument that it isn’t natural and sugar is, but then again cola, processed meats, breaded fish, milk chocolate etc isn’t natural either…. if you want to be truly natural then grow all of your own crops and don’t buy anything from the store. If you don’t want to consume sweeteners that is ok, but don’t spread false health claims until there is real evidence proving them. Studies with just 20 people showing that diet soda made them gain weight isn’t a scientifc study to be trusted and needs more studies and evidence until an actual link can be made. The recommendation is that it is safe to consume artificial sweeteners in moderation and can be better for overall health compared to sugar as sugar can cause metabolic illnesses. However there is also the consideration of what to give children, there is not enough evidence or research to prove that artificial sweeteners don’t have a negative health consequence of long-term use however you don’t want to feed your child too much sugar and have them deal with those health consequences. So the recommendation, avoid giving your children artificial sweeteners and sugar, or only in small amounts.

You can read more about sweeteners here, more about aspartame HERE, more about acesulfame K HERE

What about sugar then? Why choose sugar?

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Sugar does taste good, most people – not everyone – likes the sweet taste of sugar. But also that when it comes to very rigorous exercising then consuming sugar is the perfect way to give yourself quick energy to keep you going. Not to mention that in certain baking or cooking dishes sugar gives the perfect taste and certain cooking method such as caramellizing which sweetener doesn’t.

Too high doses of sugar can cause metabolic illnesses and also lead to unwanted weight gain, and for some people they consume too much added sugar and leads to weight gain which then leads to problems. (I.e it is overweight and visceral fat are what causes metabolic illnesses and sugar can be a contribution to those things.)

Sugar doesn’t have to be bad, but it is that people consume far too much sugar without knowing it. Very processed foods and foods with hidden sugar should be limited and instead focus on whole foods such as fruits, grains, vegetables etc

“Sugar-containing foods in their natural form, whole fruit, for example, tend to be highly nutritious—nutrient-dense, high in fiber, and low in glycemic load. On the other hand, refined, concentrated sugar consumed in large amounts rapidly increases blood glucose and insulin levels, increases triglycerides, inflammatory mediators and oxygen radicals, and with them, the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other chronic illnesses,” Dr. Ludwig article: HERE

 

Whichever side you are on, sugar or artificial sweetener, know that moderation is key if you do consume them and don’t spread false claims and of course be critical to sources of information!! There is so much information out there on the internet and i am sure you can find blog posts about sweeteners causing people to die and sugar being the best and healing medical illnesses etc i.e you can back up any claim you have if you google hard enough. But be critical, don’t believe everything you read especially not in certain magazines or websites. Be critical of this post and the information i write as well, do your own research and check the sources as well!

 

Salt and sugar intake

I’ve gotten some recent questions about salt and sugar intake which i thought i would answer.

How much to eat? How much is too much? how to break a sugar addiction?

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First off… salt is important, salt is necessary for functions in the body and cutting out salt completely can actually do alot more damage than eating a little more than necessary. Because generally speaking if you eat too much salt than you need you will feel more thirsty, but if you eat too little then your body can get out of balance and you may feel dizzy and get muscle twtiches along with other symptoms and can have worse consequences than just eating a little more salt than necessary.
And worrying about salt intake is usually only recommended to those who eat alot of processed food or to those who have a history of high blood pressure in their family or other illnesses related to high blood pressure. And if you are in neither of those groups then i wouldnt worry so much. Source

In sweden the recommended salt intake is 6g (i.e 2.4g sodium) which is roughly 1tsb, but most adults eat double as much.

I wouldnt worry too much about salt intake UNLESS you eat alot of processed food or use alot of salt in your cooking and then add even more salt when eating. So for example if you do alot of home cooking then choose to either 1) salt when cooking or 2) salt when eating, not both.

Salt gives flavour and it is necessary, but just like everything, its about balance. So if you eat alot of processed then maybe skip salting your food at the table. However if you make alot of food yourself and alot of the food is whole foods and not processed then it can actually be a good idea to add a little salt.

There are actually alot of people who are obsessed with clean eating and think salt is the worst and they end up drinking 3-5l and not adding any salt to their food and end up with consequences. Also remember if you workout and sweat alot, you need to replace those lost salts/electrolytes!

You can read more HERE, HERE, HERE

I wrote a post about salt intake HERE.

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And which salt to use amongst all the edible salts available? 

Well my recommendation personally is that if you salt your food at the table, choose one  such as herbamare because it doesn’t have as much salt compared to the reglar plain white “table salt”. However when cooking then the plain white table one is usually the best as it is  c.a 95-99% sodium chloride i.e the strongest flavour and you only need a little. Table salt does have its benefits if it is iodized as you do need iodine – unless you have an illness that means you need to be aware of your iodine intake. All the other salts have different colours, textures, slightly different mineral composition and taste a little different, so just choose the one you like best! I personally like sea salt and herbamare best!

Read more about the different salts HERE

What about sugar? Ive written several posts about sugar and sugar addiction which you can read about instead:

One thing i want to mention though is that in the past i used to think that there was such a thing as a “sugar addiction”, now i dont know whether i believe in that. I DO believe that people can be addicted to food and certain types of food for different reasons whether its physical or mental or emotional reasons. But addicted to sugar…. not really. I mean you dont crave actual white sugar… you dont want to get a spoon and put it into a sugar bag. YOU DO however crave certain specific foods which contain both sugar and fat and are very processed. You can get angry, irritated, tired and all of those things if you dont get specific foods, but its not specifically sugar…. compared to caffeine, tobacco, alcohol or drugs… then its that specific drug/substance. But with sugar, i believe its the actual food and the combination of processed white sugar and fat which the person needs. And it can be because the food gives a rush of serotonin and happiness, or it could be that the person needs more energy and a cookie gives that energy or happiness, or it could be that that food just gives a sense of comfort or whatever other reason. But i think it is very important to find the reason that you may be craving the certain sugary processed food….. is it stress, emotions, anxiety, tiredness, physical reasons? It makes it so much easier to deal with those cravings and stop the binges and cravings if you know why they come about.

According to a study HERE sugar can be addictive and for people with bulimia or binge eating disorder sugary foods can be more of an addiction and problem compared to others with strong cravings, withdrawls, change in personality which is similar to withdrawl symptoms from alcohol or drug abuse. But whether its food cravings or sugar cravings and wheter it can be called a sugar addiction or not is still not defined.

You can read more from my previous posts about sugar below:

Just remember that sugar isnt necessarily bad. Its all about balance… sometimes all you need is a chocolate cupcake and other times all you need is a raw food ball or a banana. Be ok with eating sugar it wont harm you, but find YOUR balance with sugar. Some people are more sensitive to it, some people need less of it because of a family history with diabetes or others just dont like the taste of sugar so much and thats ok. But find what works for you and most of all, dont be scared of it. Because the anxiety and the fear and the guilt in connection with sugar will harm and hurt you so much more than sugar eaten now and again, ever will!!


Questions about sugar and sugar intake
Is sugar bad?

**also on a side note, i think in the U.S white sugar isn’t actually vegan because bone char is used in process and bleaching of sugar. Though i’ve never really had to think about that and consider which foods use that type of white sugar. But HERE is a link to companies  that use vegan white sugar. (Though how strict you want to be with this is up to you…. i don’t know how common this type of sugar is or not)
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Sugar in children’s products

When working I’ve recently noticed just how much sugar is in children’s products but also how much sugar laden food/products parents buy to their children. Of course I shouldn’t judge, but the health conscious person in me can’t just shake it off. My goal in the future is to help people make better food choices.

Sugar isn’t the devil as some people think . It’s ok to eat sugar in moderation, but the problem is that people don’t eat it in moderation, they eat it in extreme amounts. It’s not just chocolate and cake and ice cream, it’s in the ketchup, in the juice, in the salsa, in the dressing, in the soda drink, in the flavoured yoghurt etc etc people aren’t aware where all the hidden sugar is, and even less knowing of the sugar in the children’s product’s.

I almost find it shocking to see how much sugar products is bought and produced for children.

I eat Sugar just like anyone else however I also make a conscious choice about my sugar consumption. Sometimes I bake with sugar, other times with stevia. Sometimes I buy whole grain bread, other times I buy white bread. Sometimes I buy chocolate sweetened with stevia and other times sweetened with sugar. But I am aware of my choices.

Children aren’t. If children get introduced to sugar and sugary products early on they get addicted and used to it and want more and more of it.

Children are the ones who need the most nutritionally dense food because 1) they are growing and need all the nutrients and 2) they don’t need as much calories (most often) as an adult, So that means that they have even less room for junk food. For example a milkshake and from McDonald’s might be 5E% of an adults intake but can be 10E% for a child. ( just an example!).

Kids needs more nutritious food as they don’t have as many calories to “spare” on junk food.

Kids are recommended only around 19-24g of sugar i.e 5-6sugar cubes per day which is around 5E% . And a can of coke (330ml) has around 35g of sugar i.e 7 sugar cubes, which goes to show just how easy it is for the sugar intake to sky rocket especially if you aren’t aware of where the sugar is coming from.

Also you don’t want your child to get used to sugary food and then anything that isn’t processed or has sugar, the kid doesn’t like or want.

I don’t blame the parents, I blame the lack of education but also the companies that fill the food with sugar and salt. Parents aren’t aware of what’s in the products.

If kids learn to enjoy unprocessed food and with treats every now and then it’s better for their overall health, their energy, concentration, weight, teeth etc

I really hope in the future more parents think about the amount of sugary and processed food they give their children. And I understand, it’s easier to just heat up pasta and meatballs than to cook a proper meal and it’s easier to give your child chocolate when it’s screaming in the store than to give him/her a banana. But if you teach your child to like fruit from an early age then they will be more likely to want and eat that.

Of course what’s practical in theory might not work in reality. I don’t have children so I don’t know what it’s like to raise children, but the health nut inside of me wants to help edu ate parents so that they can atleast make a conscious decision about what they feed their children and not think that giving them sugary cereal, sugary yoghurt, sugary juice and processed meat and think that’s healthy.

What are your thoughts about this topic, feel free to comment your opinion whether you think i am unrealistic, harsh or what you think about the education and information available… maybe there should be some form of marking to make it clear just how much sugar is in items?

And let’s make one thing clear, sugar is ok in moderation, it’s all about balance. But the problem is that far too many don’t eat sugar in balance or moderation and that’s when the problems occur.

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